Skin aging

Skin aging is a complex biological process caused by the progression of age. There are two main aspects of skin ageing: intrinsic aging, which is genetically controlled and cannot be influenced, and extrinsic aging, which is influenced by environmental factors such as UV light, chemical reactions and mechanical stress. But what is behind it and what can we do to prevent skin aging? We all want to have the key to eternal youth – or at least to cheat skin aging. Here you can find out everything about the causes of skin aging and how you can prevent it.

  • With the right measures, premature skin aging can be prevented. A healthy lifestyle is the most effective and at the same time an influenceable factor in counteracting premature skin aging.

  • A balanced diet with sufficient protein, effective sun protection and careful skin care with vitamin C are key players in anti-aging.

Medically reviewed by:

Medically reviewed by:

Skin Aging: Simply explained!

You look in the mirror and discover the first signs of skin aging: a fine line here, a delicate shadow there. Skin aging is a natural process, but what exactly is happening to our skin?

Put simply, skin aging is the interaction of time and external influences. As our largest organ, the skin has a protective function, but it changes over the years. Cell division slows down and the formation of collagen – essential for skin firmness – is reduced. In addition, moisture retention decreases.

The result? Less firm and youthful skin. Have you noticed that wounds heal more slowly? This is also a sign of skin aging. This is because our skin becomes thinner over time, making it more susceptible to injuries and external influences such as sun exposure and mechanical stress.

How is skin aging caused?

By now you know: Skin aging is a natural process. But what causes the skin to change? The answer lies in a mixture of internal and external factors. By internal we mean your genetics, which play a decisive role in determining when the first wrinkles appear and how elastic your skin remains over the years. Then there are external influences: Sun exposure and lifestyle choices such as smoking or an unbalanced diet – all factors that accelerate your skin aging. This is because they cause oxidative stress, which damages the skin cells.

The good news is that many of these external influences can be minimized through conscious decisions and proper care. Preventing skin aging is therefore partly in your hands.

Preventing premature skin aging: what do the experts say?

The subject of skin aging is the subject of entire books, and even experts do not always agree. But one recommendation is certain and scientifically proven: The daily use of sunscreen or a day cream with a sun protection factor. This significantly reduces skin aging caused by the sun. And what about a nutrient-rich diet, rich in antioxidants, vitamins and omega-3 fatty acids? Indispensable. Everyone agrees on that too.

Dr. David Sinclair from Harvard Medical School particularly emphasizes the importance of antioxidants: both in our food and in skin care products. They are key in the fight against free radicals, which damage our skin cells and accelerate skin aging.

Here is a list of some so-called anti-aging foods:

  • Fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E): spinach, broccoli, peppers, carrots, tomatoes, mushrooms, eggs, liver, fish
  • Vitamin B, C: spinach, legumes, whole grain products, nuts, citrus fruits
  • Antioxidants: fruit, vegetables, nuts, wholegrain products, potatoes
  • Omega-3 & omega-6 fatty acids: linseed, rapeseed oil

Can skin aging be reversed?

Science has made considerable progress, but a real fountain of youth? It does not (yet) exist. It is not currently possible to completely reverse skin aging, but impressive solutions do exist to reduce the visible effects.

For example: retinol. It stimulates skin cell renewal and collagen production. Or peptides – small protein fragments – support the skin by stimulating its natural repair mechanisms. Micro-injuries to the skin through microneedling and radio frequency also stimulate the body’s own collagen production. The result? Fine lines are reduced and the skin is tightened.

But one important point remains: Individuality. Every skin, as unique as a fingerprint, reacts differently to treatments. Therefore, choosing the right strategy in consultation with an expert is always crucial. Ultimately, a combination of science-based approaches and personal skincare makes the difference in the fight against skin aging and for rejuvenated skin.

How can skin changes in old age be treated?

With every year of life, our skin becomes a little more visible. Age spots, wrinkles or loss of elasticity – sound familiar? But aesthetic medicine has a few things up its sleeve. Here is a rough overview:

Important: The optimal approach depends on your individual needs. Let our experts at GoAesthetic advise you on the best treatment for your skin.

Any questions? Our FAQ section has the answers!

The skin actually begins to show the first signs of aging in the late 20s. This is because cell regeneration slows down and the collagen level decreases. Both are key players for elastic and firm skin.

Skin aging is not only visible in wrinkles and fine lines. Reduced production of skin lipids can lead to dryness, while reduced cell renewal contributes to a dull complexion. Elasticity also decreases, which can make the skin appear saggy. In addition, pigmentation spots become more visible and the skin becomes thinner and more susceptible to injury.

Unfortunately, it is impossible to stop the natural aging process. But we can significantly reduce its impact. Antioxidant care products, regular sun protection measures and a balanced diet are crucial. Of course, smoking, excessive sugar consumption or visits to the solarium also lead to accelerated skin aging. What to do? On the one hand, pay attention to a balanced lifestyle and, on the other, anti-aging treatments such as chemical peels, microneedling, laser or radio frequency can reduce the visible signs of aging.

Sudden accelerated skin aging can be triggered by various factors. Strong UV exposure without adequate protection and smoking are certainly among the biggest enemies of our skin. However, hormonal changes, such as during the menopause or after pregnancy, can also promote blemished skin and pigmentation spots. In addition, a lack of sleep, dehydration or an unbalanced diet accelerate the aging process. A comprehensive approach of sun protection, skin care and a healthy lifestyle is the key to success here.

More questions? Simply make a personal consultation appointment online.


Last updated: 16.10.2023