Pigment spots always have something to do with an imbalance in melanin production. In women, hormonal influences often cause spots. The female hormones progesterone and estrogen are considered to be mainly responsible. Therefore, it happens that during pregnancy skin discoloration suddenly appears. Sometimes they regress, but in most cases the pigment disorder can only be removed by treatment. Especially on the face, they are often perceived as unaesthetic.
Furthermore, skin lesions can lead to skin discoloration. Medically, we refer to this as postinflammatory hyperpigmentation. Most often this occurs after inflammatory processes such as psoriasis or acne. Due to the inflammation, the skin cells work at full speed and send out an excessive amount of pigment grains. After the inflammation has healed, the skin stains remain as an unwanted souvenir.
The natural aging process is also responsible for its development. Especially with regular and excessive contact with sun rays skin discoloration is formed. As a result, the activity of skin cells increases by releasing a lot of melanin. This leads, for example, to age spots, which are characterized as unpleasant by most of those affected. With high sun exposure, especially the face, décolleté, neck and hands are affected by it.